About us Bosi Carpets
Aubusson ... Six centuries of tapestry
The earliest references date back to 15th century tapestry. For the greens as represented in the 15th and 16th centuries gradually succeeding
characters tapestries which tell of episodes taken from history, mythology, religion and literature. Several events contribute to the development
and influence of the tapestry. In 1601, Henry IV prohibited the entry of foreign tapestries in France. In 1665, Colbert grants letters patent
Aubusson workshops and they now carry the prestigious title of "Manufacture Royale". Felletin gets its turn in 1689 this privilege, while retaining
the status of private workshops. Unfortunately, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 is a blow to the tapestry, as many emigrate
Aubusson weavers from German princes.
However, the state looks at new workshop by sending Marche tapestries, a dyer and painter. During the 18th century, the taste of comfort fashion favors the carpet. Louis XIV had founded the Manufacture of soap to create velvety carpet. Subsequently, the mode is launched and the
manufacture of pile carpets are about 1780 using the technique of tapestry. Another interruption in the revolution of 1789, hardly conducive to
luxury industries. The generalization of the wallpaper is also a competitor for the weavers.
The production of the 19th century is characterized then by creating ornate sets, intended for interior decoration. The carpet flush or soap is
often accompanied tapestry upholstered furniture, door, valances, responding to numerous private and public commissions. The major
manufacturers involved in this development have names as prestigious as Braqueni¨¦, Hamot and Sallandrouze.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Aubusson is a thriving city with 1500 to 2000 people working in the workshops, but the creation is
often lacking. Dice between the wars, painters cartoonists like Martin and Elias Marius Maingonnat speak out for a return to basics.
This rebirth occurs due to Jean Lurcat met with Grommaire and Dubreuil in 1939. He set up the Aubusson workshops. Lurcat brings in its wake the talents of artists as diverse as those of Jean-Picart le
Doux, Saint-Saens, J. Lagrange, Dom Robert, R. Wogensky, SM Jullien, M. Mat¨¦got Mr. Tourli¨¨re Mr. Prassinos. A young painter came to the
tapestry, Peter Baldwin, establishes the link between the weavers and artists as important as the writer Adam, but as Braque, Picasso, The
Corbussier or Calder.
The future of the Aubusson tapestry Felletin and is now tied for young talent to find a way of expressing this current "living treasure" that are the
traditions of the weavers. Works of contemporary artists executed in the workshops of Aubusson - Felletin have destinations prestigious among
them Roy Lichtenstein at the National Library of France.
The 20th century is without doubt one of the most important periods in the history of tapestry Aubussonnaise. The tapestry has managed to
rebuild with players imaginative, dynamic and intelligent. The revival of the tapestry was made by the meeting and the synergy of people from
various backgrounds: painters, directors of workshops, weavers, dyers.
It was going to come from Jean Lurcat referral to a new art. At the invitation of the Ministry of Culture and Elijah Maingonnat, director of the
National School of Decorative Arts, Lur?at went to Aubusson to work with a factory director, Fran?ois Tabard. Lurcat is a human backbone, it
introduces more and more artists to the art magical tapestry. Dubreuil, Gromaire, Braque, Vasarely, Cocteau, Dali, Picasso, Ernst, Calder, Le
Corbusier ... seduced by the ancient art of tapestry, Aubusson came to work.
Today, nothing is finished, on the contrary, our contemporaries and continue to put their talents to the weaver and still create wonderful cards.
Olivier Debre large flat areas of painted brickwork with a knife, the weavers weave "Revolution", Sylvain Dubuisson meanwhile moving towards a
flush carpet symbolizing the intersection of warp and son of son of wool. Garouste and Bonetti carry boxes for a sofa, the weaver weaves the
tapestry seat. In 2000, seventeen majestic tapestry fell from trades made Sept. 10 tapestries from cartoons by Jean Ren¨¦ Gaillard Sautour on the
theme of the Olympics. Versatile, meticulous, just talented, the weavers who are still over a hundred on continue to live Aubusson tapestry for
orders of state, private commissions and for schools, museums, cathedrals ...
Cardboard: model based on which the weaver works
Chain: A set of son stretched on the loom.
The flute: a tool-laden wood wool or silk
Scraper: iron tool used to put the wool in place
The weaver: name of the worker who weaves a tapestry
Comb: wood tool which is used to pack the wool
1). Aubusson Factory
2). Aubusson Tapestry
3). Aubusson Product
4). Aubusson History