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Know how Aubusson
Know-how about Aubusson
Producers and spinners of wool
The contribution of the raw material. The Aubusson tapestry is born of the ability of artisans to transform the rich fleece sheep wool into yarn strength. These wools are oiled and washed in the
Creuse, before being carded, spun and twisted. It takes about three days and seven operations to transform one kilogram of wool in a double thread a length of one kilometer.
The artist or painter cartonnier
The birth of the model as a model and cardboard.
The creation of the pattern of the tapestry is usually devoted to a painter, but it may as well be the work of a sculptor, a graphic designer, a designer ... The inset shows the model in reverse version
in the final format of the work.
The painter and master weaver cartonnier
The designer and master weaver determine the structure of the tapestry: choice of colors and materials, size and spacing of the son of chain are all elements that will personalize the work through his
or her fine reliefs.
Giving life to the sampling and wool dyeing.
The colors are created by the dyer. The wool is soaked for more than three hours in a bath at 95 °„ C. We obtain the desired color by a contribution of successive primaries. This craft can control their
Master a technique coined by the nimble fingers, sense of observation, control of the decision.
Following the model of the carton, the Aubusson tapestry is the result of the intersection of warp and weft. The string is the son of a sheet of cotton tightly stretched, the frame is generally composed
of son wool or silk wrapped around flutes. These flutes are made between the son of the chain, son separated into even and odd.
At the end of weaving tradition aubussonnaise spends event the discovery phase of the actual woven work, the "dropping of trade" (son of chain breaking).
Aubusson tapestry and authenticity
At this stage of finishing, you can see the location on the artist's signature and the mark of the workshop, and on to the copy number (dialing required for the tapestries produced from 1 January
1968). In addition to these elements woven tapestry comes with a curling ribbon (certificate) sewn on the back, bearing the name of the workshop, the author's board and its signature, date of
execution of tapestry, and its format, its title and its number of weaving.
Maintenance and repair of textiles.
The profession of Conservator-conservative is a specialty in its own right at the crossroads of knowledge and scientific knowledge.
Conservation: work process that restores the work in its original appearance.
Conservation: A set of operations aimed at preserving the work in the state. There are currently several workshops in
Aubusson entirely dedicated to the restoration-conservation of tapestries.
Carpets told Soap: Made from 1743 to Aubusson, it takes its name from its first production, a former workshop in Paris know. It is run on a vertical loom high warp. The son of wool fabric are tied on
the string, then cut the ends to form a pile.
Carpet mechanical lockstitch: This technique dates from the XIXth century machine. The strands of wool are tied mechanically to the chain.
Tufted carpet: It runs on a canvas to canvas on which the pattern is drawn by the artist. Wool is implanted strand by strand with a gun operated by hand. Once the design created, the string is
attached to the back by a layer of latex, then chopped and shaved on the spot.
Needlepoint realize oneself: Known colloquially embroidery on canvas. The wire is passed to the needle, a pre-printed fabric. The grounds are old and some contemporary hand painted in the
Aubusson workshops and other printed elsewhere.
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