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India handmade rugs and carpets

In the humid climate of this multinational state carpets did not play a role at first. In the 16th century the Mogul rulers, who were very fond of Persian art, brought in famous weaving craftsmen from Persia, to be in charge of their newly founded court manufacturies. Magnificent carpets for the imperial palaces were created. Only later a particular Indian style developed.
As of 1600 an increase in production then was caused by the English, who became by and by the rulers in India. By the hostile take-over through the British crown in the 19th century the final unification of the torn country was made possible. The grand Indian Empire, the cradle of the 3 great world religions, - the Hinduism, Buddhism,and Sikkism - later broke apart into Pakistan, India Sikkim, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma.
In Germany the Indian carpet played only a minor role up until the middle of the fifties. In the surge of the postwar Wirtschaftwunder a reasonably priced fashion article was created with the Indo-Hamadan, which became a convincing success. In the entire country of India new weaving manufacturies were established. The scope of products was increased, the Persian carpet was copied and put on the global market in uncounted variations.
Four main centers with very differing products must be mentioned:Kashmir, Djaipur, Agra, and Benares.
Kashmir - most likely the oldest of the weaving areas - today produces finest carpets in the Persian style, made of wool, but often also of artificial or natural silk. The capital Srinagar is the collecting- and trading point for the attractive products.
Jaipur, the former residence of powerful maharadjahs,has a long tradition of artisans and make especially delicate wool carpets. The province with the most important production of wool, has so made a name for itself Jaipur
Agra - with the most beautiful building of the world, the Tadj Mahal, is also a capital of modern carpet production. The East India Carpet Company made die Indian Sarough acceptable“ and founded the newer knotting tradition.
Benares - at the Ganges river, known as holy city to the Hindu pilgrims, is located in the largest knotting area of India. Three cities - Bhadhoi, Khamaria, and Mirzapur - have manufacturies that produce carpets of exceptional quality for worldwide export.
In Indian productions, the carpets are always dealt in foot measures and the density of knots is determined by inch. Conversion formulae can be found in the chapter "Mark of Quality and Conversion".
Indian carpets profited enormously by the American embargo against the Iran. Their copies of Persian carpets were attractive in their composition, satisfactory in quality, and acceptable in price. India was first to recognize the great demand for "uniform goods". Patterns, sizes, and qualities were standardized and catalogued. Due to this, new forms of marketing were made possible. Not only the traditional carpet dealers, who as experts until then sold precious individual pieces as work of art, determined the market, but also increasingly the department stores and furniture shops. Big marketing campaigns of similar carpets made enormous turnovers possible, therefore reaching new target groups.