Materials of Chinese rugs and carpets
primary materials used in carpets are wool and
silk In some cases, cotton, flax and synthetics
are also used just to make the product cheaper.
Most tribal or nomadic rugs are wool pile and
wool foundation. However, the natural fibers are
most commonly used in the hand-made carpets
because of its softness and smoothness. Natural
fibers incorporate the advantages of durability,
beauty and value that synthetic materials can
never match. The most durable, and cleanable
fiber is wool. Silk carpet, however, looks more
luxurious and beautiful but not so suitable to
be often cleaned and thus not often used in high
is the oldest fiber that is used to produce the
carpets. It looks luxurious, feels warm, weighs
not heavy and difficult to get wrinkled, but
it's easy to get dirty. Therefore, wool carpet
is not a good choice in humid areas because it tends to
hold moisture. Compared with synthetic fibers,
wool is more expensive but less than silk.
quality of wool is graded in different levels.
Generally wool from high altitude areas is
better than low altitude areas. Also the wool
taken from the young and healthy sheep is with
good quality and wool from the neck and belly
part of the sheep is also quite good.
Silk is the most expensive fiber
used in hand-made carpets. Silk comes from the
cocoons of silk worms and China was the first
country to produce the carpet with silk. Today
China is still one of the places where best silk
carpets are produced. When making carpets, silk
can be used alone or in combination with wool.
Pure silk carpet
s are very light and feel quite
silk carpet looks gorgeous and they are usually
used as decorations on floors or on walls.
Therefore, it also requires special care and
people often get them in right places i.e. away
from the walkways.
is used generally as warp and weft yarns in the
foundation of carpets. It is, however, easily to
get dirty and moist but it costs less.
silk looks exactly like real silk but it doesn't
come from the silkworm cocoon. It is mainly made
from the mercerized cotton and in some cases
from the chemical fibers.Like cotton,
Artificial silk is made of almost pure cellulose
but this cellulose is rather human-made instead
of being grown naturally. It's firstly taken
from dissolved cellulose (obtained from cotton
or wood pulp) to produce a thick yellow liquid
which is called viscose. The viscose is then
extruded through tiny holes and later spun into
thread and yarn.
silk does not look so beautiful as real silk but
it's much cheaper and thus can greatly lower
down the total cost of manufacturing a